When to Use Which LOCTITE® Product (With Charts from Henkel)
You've probably been in a sticky situation where your glued pieces just keep on falling apart. As a reminder, it’s worth remembering that:
- There is no one-size-fits-all solution when it comes to properly bonding materials together.
- There is an appropriate adhesive to use for certain use cases (especially, industrial applications)
- Your multi-purpose adhesive won’t always cut it (the resulting bond integrity may vary because each substrate has different physical and chemical characteristics)
LOCTITE® is not just for casual DIYers who work on home projects. The big guys in various industries use it, too, even for tough niche applications.
- Using LOCTITE® for pump maintenance
- Instant adhesives, accelerators and primers
- LOCTITE® product application guide
- General purpose vs specialty adhesive
- Threadlockers for fasteners
- LOCTITE® user guide
Below is a visual guide from Henkel (and a PDF copy) that shows which LOCTITE® product to use for each part of your pump.
You can buy most of those products from our online store:
- LOCTITE® 222 Threadlocker
- LOCTITE® 243 Medium Strength Threadlocker
- LOCTITE® 248 Medium Strength Threadlocker Stick
- LOCTITE® 263 High Strength Threadlocker
- LOCTITE® 290 Wicking Grade Threadlocker
- LOCTITE® 518 Flange Sealant
- LOCTITE® 567 Thread Sealant
- LOCTITE® 577 Thread Sealant
- LOCTITE® 638 Retaining Compound
- LOCTITE® 660 Retaining Compound
According to this LOCTITE® selector guide:
Instant adhesives are ideal for bonding small- to medium-size parts with close-fitting, smooth surfaces. They provide fast cure speeds and excellent bond strengths to a wide variety of substrates, including hard-to-bond materials.
You can use them for (almost) anything from general purpose repairs to specialty high-performance assembly applications.
LOCTITE 401TM Surface-Insensitive, Medium Viscosity
A fast-setting, surface-insensitive instant adhesive that provides high shear strength
When you need a fast fix and high strength on a wide range of materials, including difficult-to-bond substrates
LOCTITE 406TM Low Viscosity
A fast-curing instant adhesive that is ideal for bonding plastics and elastomeric materials where very fast fixturing is required
When you need to bond plastic and rubber
LOCTITE 454TM Non-drip Gel
A general purpose, non-drip gel, instant adhesive
For overhead and vertical applications
LOCTITE 460TM Low-Odor, Low-Bloom, Low Viscosity
A low-viscosity, low-odor, low-bloom instant adhesive that rapidly bonds a wide range of materials
To minimise bondline aesthetic or odor concerns
LOCTITE 480TM Toughened, Low Viscosity
A toughened, fast-curing instant adhesive that is ideal for bonding metal to metal, rubber or magnets, particularly in humid environments
For heavy-duty bonding
LOCTITE 3090TM Two-Component Gel
A unique, two-part instant adhesive that provides gap filling in excess of 0.10" for a wide range of materials
To fill large gaps
In addition, you can use accelerators and primers:
- Accelerators speed up the cure and increase the gap fill of instant adhesives
- Primers allow for improved adhesion on hard-to-bond substrates by making polyolefin and other low-energy surfaces suitable for bonding with instant adhesives.
Below are snapshots taken directly from this handy PDF by Henkel. It shows us which LOCTITE® product(s) -- and recommended primers, in some instances – to use for what application, taking into consideration operating temperatures.
When choosing an instant adhesive, it’s important to know the different types and what they’re specifically designed for:
- General purpose adhesives are strong and versatile enough for the vast majority of applications, including acidic surfaces such as chromated or galvanized metals and porous substrates such as wood paper, leather, cork and fabric.
- Flexible adhesives are best for bonding materials subjected to bending or distortion, as well as flexible components. Use them where elasticity, pliability, and plasticity are important. The industrial grade ones are even suitable for both gap-filling and sealing techniques, as well as strong adhesion between numerous substrates, flexible adhesive solutions provide excellent curing speeds and fixing times.
- High gap fill adhesives are best for applications with gaps up to 0.15 mm. 2-K technologies provide fast cure independent of gaps up to 5 mm.
- High temperature adhesives can withstand operating temperatures up to 120 °C.
- Light cure adhesives are designed to cure very rapidly upon exposure to UV / visible light of the proper intensity.
- Low odour / low bloom adhesives are low-volatile adhesives are best for applications where cosmetic appearance, minimal frosting and low odour are required.
- Toughened / Elastomer modified adhesives are best for applications subjected to high shock, impact and humidity.
For heavy-duty and industrial applications, it’s best to refer to this list by Henkel, where they discuss these adhesives in greater detail:
- Laminative adhesives
- Optically clear adhesives
- Structural inserts
- Water-based adhesives
- Assembly film adhesives
- Die attach adhesives
- Electrically conductive adhesives
- Flexible adhesives
- Hot melt adhesives
- Pre-applied adhesives and sealants
- Pressure-sensitive adhesives
- Retaining compounds
- Solvent-based adhesives
- Structural adhesives
- UV adhesives and sealants
Threadlocking adhesives, such as LOCTITE® threadlockers, are formulated to “eliminate the potential of loosening, leakage and failure by locking your fasteners in place”, according to this article from Henkel.
They really make a big difference, as you’ll see in this video:
More threadlocker reminders from Henkel’s article:
- Using the wrong type of threadlocker could lead to reduced reliability, difficulties with removal and improper curing. This may impact how well your adhesive locks assemblies in place, increasing the chance of loosening and failure.
- Consider the size of the thread, as getting it wrong can make servicing or disassembly more difficult. Generally speaking, the larger your thread, the higher the strength your threadlocker needs to be.
- The ease with which a threadlocker can be removed depends on its strength.
- Low and medium strength threadlockers can be removed with standard hand tools.
- High or permanent strength threadlockers may require direct, intense heat application to disassemble.
- For high temperature applications, choose a threadlocker with higher heat resistance, such as LOCTITE® 263.
- For applications with a high risk of vibration or shock, choose LOCTITE®’s red threadlockers (just take note that, as they are the “strongest grade”, they “hold firmly in place as a permanent solution.”
- For applications where the fastener is pre-assembled (eg. electrical connects and set screws), use a wicking grade threadlocker such as the LOCTITE® 290.
LOCTITE® threadlockers come in three strength grades:
- The low-strength LOCTITE® 222 works on all metals, and is especially good for applications that may require disassembly.
- The medium-strength LOCTITE® 243 offers a good general-purpose solution to seal and secure assemblies.
- The high-strength LOCTITE® 263 is designed for permanent locking and sealing of threaded fasteners.
Speaking of LOCTITE® threadlockers, here are some myth-busters from Henkel themselves:
Finally, here’s an oldie-but-goodie guide to help you "Do It Right” when it comes to using LOCTITE® maintenance products.